Introduction

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Pursuant to Article 30 of the National Defense Act: "The Ministry of National Defense (MND) shall periodically submit the National Defense Report in accordance with national goals, general international situations, military situations, defense policy, force buildup, combat readiness preparations, utilization of defense resources and implementation of all-out defense." The MND shall compile a National Defense Report every 2 years in order to describe changes to the current strategic situations and status of implementation of national defense policies.

The 2015 National Defense Report of the MND is the 13th edition of the said report. The contents have been reviewed and compiled in accordance with current domestic and international situations, current challenges to security, and various policy implementation efforts and results. In the past 2 years, security policies of various Asia Pacific countries have experienced noticeable changes, which have affected the development of regional situations. The ROC Armed Forces have also achieved significant progress in acquisition of new equipment and key defense transformations such as establishing the Volunteer Military System and force restructuring. The MND is therefore obliged to share these achievements with the people.

In addition to the introduction, this Report is divided into 4 Parts: Strategic Environment, National Defense Policy, National Defense Capabilities, and All-out Defense. The information in this report was collected from January 2014 to August 2015.

Part 1. Strategic Environment

Traditional military security issues remain the major cause of conflicts among countries. Non-traditional security issues, such as those related to energy, food, and climate change, are also getting attentions in the global community. In the Asia-Pacific Region, rapid military expansion of the PRC has triggered a series of changes in the surrounding areas. The PRC remains the major security threat to our country as it has yet to renounce the use of force against Taiwan and can employ more diverse and flexible array of military means against the island.

Part 2. National Defense Policy

The ROC national defense policy, defense strategic objectives, concept of military strategy, and directions of force buildup and development are elaborated here based upon the directives of the 2013 Quadrennial Defense Review. Detailed narratives of the current defense policy implementation, such as the Volunteer Military System, force restructuring, and transformation in our military judicial system, are also included so as to allowing the people to grasp the ongoing status of major policies, .

Part 3. National Defense Capabilities

The ROC Armed Forces have been constantly improving their national defense organization, joint operations effectiveness, operational and training readiness, information and electronic warfare (EW) capabilities, logistics support, reserve mobilization, and intangible combat capabilities. The ROC Armed Forces are also maximizing the effectiveness of human, financial and material defense resources to support the completion of its tasks and missions.

Part 4. All-out Defense

Part 4 describes the establishment, management, and results of the All-out Defense Mobilization System as well as efforts in the last 2 years by the ROC Armed Forces in disaster prevention and relief, joint fishery protection, military civil affairs, reconstruction of military dependents' housing, and medical care. Additional information has been provided to give accounts of recent developments and results in all-out defense education programs, including commemoration events for the 70th Anniversary of the Victory in the War of Resistance against Japan and the Retrocession of Taiwan held in 2015, in order to build a nationwide consensus for all-out defense and acquire citizen support for national defense efforts.

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